元教員が分かりやすく教える英文法

ばか丁寧な高校英文法

TOIEC985点を取得した元高校教員が、使える例文を用いながら、苦手な人にも分かりやすく英文法を解説します。

【入試に狙われる!】よくある自由英作文 「英語は日本の公用語にすべきか?」模範解答&丁寧解説

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問題32f:id:chachachambo:20171130155655j:plain

English should be made an official language in Japan.
(150-200語)

 

模範解答

〖私が受験生ならこう書きます〗

●賛成バージョン

I strongly agree with the idea of making English an official language in Japan.
Thanks to the technology, our world is increasingly connected, and being able to speak the international language, English is becoming extremely important.  
Although Japan has the third largest economy in the world, Japanese people don't have a world-class communicative ability in English. Considering the fact that it is quite common for people in Europe to have an excellent command of English, we are far behind other countries. Making English an official language is a powerful way to encourage people to study hard and to master English.
Furthermore, Japan will host Olympic games in 2020 and expect much more foreigners, who cannot communicate in Japanese. We’ll have to be able to run the games smoothly and show our hospitality in English. Mastering English is the hurdle we have to overcome sooner or later.
For the reasons I mentioned above, I believe making English an official language in Japan is a great idea.                                                 
   (182words)

f:id:chachachambo:20180210114504j:plain

●反対バージョン

 I’m against the idea of making English an official language in Japan for two reasons.

 First of all, I would like you to think how many years we have spent trying to master English. Yes, we have been trying so hard for a very very long time. And, we, Japanese people, are famous for being very diligent and serious, which means we have put tremendous effort into learning English. And how many of us can speak English fluently? Not so many. So, I highly doubt that just making English an official language in Japan would help us master English. It’s not something we can easily do within a short period of time.
The second reason is that we have to preserve the Japanese language. We Japanese are the only people who speak Japanese as native speakers while there are millions of people who speak English as native speakers in many countries. We must be proud of our language and preserve it as much as possible.

 For the reasons I mentioned above, I strongly disagree with the idea that English should be an official language in Japan.                                                       
(169words)

 

ふりかえり

使える表現に下線を引きます

●賛成バージョン

〖序論〗
I strongly agree with the idea of making English an official language in Japan.
「私は、英語を日本の公用語にするという考えに強く賛成である

〖本論〗

理由①
Thanks to the technology, our world is increasingly connected, and being able to speak the international language, English is becoming extremely important.  
「テクノロジーのおかげで、我々の世界は結びつきが増し、国際言語である英語を喋る能力は非常に重要である」
※increasingly【副】ますます のような副詞が効果的に使えるとかっこいい文章になりますよ

Although Japan has the third largest economy in the world, Japanese people don't have a world-class communicative ability in English. 
「日本は世界第3位の経済力を持っているにもかかわらず、日本人は世界に通用する、英語のコミュニケーション能力を持っていない」

Considering the fact that it is quite common for people in Europe to have an excellent command of English, we are far behind other countries. 
「ヨーロッパの人は素晴らしい英語の運用能力を持っているという事実を考慮に入れると我々は他の国に大きく遅れをとっている」

Making English an official language is a powerful way to encourage people to study hard and to master English.
「英語を公用語にすることは、英語を勉強してマスターすることを促進する強力な方法である」

理由②
Furthermore, Japan will host Olympic games in 2020 and expect much more foreigners, who cannot communicate in Japanese.
さらに、日本は2020年オリンピックの開催国であり、日本語が話せない外国人がより多く訪れるであろう」

We’ll have to be able to run the games smoothly and show our hospitality in English.
「我々は、ゲームを滞りなく行い、英語でおもてなしの心を示さなければいけない

Mastering English is the hurdle we have to overcome sooner or later.
「英語をマスターすることは遅かれ早かれ越えなければいけないハードルなのである」

【結論】
For the reasons I mentioned above
, I believe making English an official language in Japan is a great idea.                                                
上記で述べた理由から、私は英語を公用語にすることは素晴らしい考えだと思います」

f:id:chachachambo:20180210114504j:plain

●反対バージョン
【序論】
 I’m against the idea of making English an official language in Japan for two reasons.
「私は、2つの理由から英語を日本の公用語にするという考えに反対です

【本論】
理由①
First of all, I would like you to think how many years we have spent trying to master English.
「まず最初に、どれだけの歳月、私たちが英語をマスターすることに費やしてきたか考えていただきたい」
Yes, we have been trying so hard for a very very long time.
「そうです、本当に本当に長い間一生懸命頑張ってきました」

And, we, Japanese people, are famous for being very diligent and serious, which means we have put tremendous effort into learning English.
「そして、私たち日本人はとても勤勉で真面目であることが有名です。つまり、私たちは英語の学習にとてつもない努力をしてきたのです」

And how many of us can speak English fluently?
「それで私たちの何人が英語を流ちょうに話せますか?」
Not so many.
「ほとんどの人が話せませんよね」

So, I highly doubt that just making English an official language in Japan would help us master English.
「なので、英語を公用語にするだけで私たちが英語をマスターできるとは到底思えません

It’s not something we can easily do within a short period of time.
「短時間で簡単にできることではないのです」

理由②
The second reason is that we have to preserve the Japanese language.
2つ目の理由は、我々は日本語を保存していかなければいけないということです

We Japanese are the only people who speak Japanese as native speakers while there are millions of people who speak English as native speakers in many countries.
「英語を母国語として話す人は世界中に何百万人もいますが、日本語を母国語として話すのは、我々日本人しかいません」

We must be proud of our language and preserve it as much as possible.
「我々は自分たちの言語に誇りを持ち、できる限り保存していかなければならないのです」

 For the reasons I mentioned above, I strongly disagree with the idea that English should be an official language in Japan.                                                     
「上記で述べた理由から、私は英語を日本の公用語にすべきだという考えに強く反対します